Specified "Uncollected" items in RESOURCES are reproduced here with the kind permission of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University. Compiled by Rosemarie Morgan for TTHA: unauthorised copying is a violation of the United States' copyright laws.

 

SAMPLER 1 (c)

The following is a synopsis of Harper's publication of Tess (in America)

(I am indebted to Tim Dolin for bringing to my attention the fact that the bowdlerisations which feature below are Hardy's own -- Rosemarie Morgan)


Harper & Brothers, Franklin Square, New York, published an illustrated edition of Tess of the D'Urbervilles in 1892 which omitted Hardy's Preface but incorporated his own bowdlerised text. Variants include section-titles such as "Book First," "Book Second", and so on, whereas later section titles appear as "Phase the First", "Phase the Second"; chapters I-XIV are subsumed under the heading of "Education at a Dear School", and "Phase the Second: Maiden No More" does not feature at all -- together with its focus upon Alec's violation of Tess.

The 1892 Harper edition also prints eleven illustrations as opposed to the eight used in later editions. Additional illustrations are as follows:

  1. . "So matters stood when Tess opened the door and paused upon the mat within it, surveying the scene" (facing page 16).
  2. . "She flung herself down upon the rustling undergrowth of spear-grass as upon a bed" [see above] (facing page 170).
  3. . "His father and mother were both in the drawing-room" (facing page 268).

Three examples of bowdlerisation in 1892.

Example 1.

Chapter X in 1892 does not feature the last (sizeable) fifteen-page portion of "The Maiden" section, from the paragraph beginning: "She soon found that whistling to the bullfinches in Mrs D'Urberville's room was no such onerous business" to the paragraph beginning: "An immeasurable social chasm was to divide our heroine's personality thereafter from that previous self of hers who stepped from her mother's door to try her fortune at Trantridge poultry-farm". In place of this fifteen-page segment, 1892 moves without a narrative break from the paragraph preceding the "whistling" episode -- "It was in the economy of this rgime that Tess Durbeyfield had undertaken to fill a place . . . . her comparative helplessness, upon him", to the later segment: "But where was Tess's guardian-angel now?" 1892 thus has the conclusion of chapter X as follows:

But where was Tess's guardian angel now? Perhaps, like the god of whom the ironical Tishbite spoke, he was talking, or he was pursuing, or he was on a journey; or peradventure he was sleeping, and was not to be awaked. Why things should have been thus, why they should so often be thus, many thousand years of analytical philosophy have failed to explain to our sense of order. As Tess's own people down in those retreats are never tired of saying to each other, in their fatalistic way, "It was to be." There lay the pity of it."

Example 2.

Among many other textual variants 1892 has Alec D’Urberville’s name as Smith-D'Urberville and, following the scene of Tess's encounter with him in the "Maiden No More" section (XII), omits the entire episode of the field-gate sermonizer; having this segment omitted, which eclipses the anarchy of Tess’s scornful reaction to the biblical sermonizer, I892 proceeds directly from the scene of her encounter with Alec to the scene of her arrival back at her Marlott home.

Example 3

In place of Chapter XIV, 1892 (omitting the "baby" episode) moves directly from the "Guilt intruding into the haunts of Innocence" paragraph at the end of chapter XIII to the "Roger Ascham" citation at the beginning of chapter XV. All references to her sexual experiences with Alec and to her subsequent maternity are absent in 1892.

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